The prominent towns of Hambantota district include Tangalle, Beliatta, Ambalantota, Tissamaharama and Kataragama.
Hambantota city located at a distance of 238km from Colombo can be reached via the Colombo – Galle – Matara – Tissamaharama main road.
The mega development project at Hambantota is targeted to convert the district into an air-sea trans-shipment hub. Some of the infrastructure includes the Mattala International Airport, Hambantota Harbour, Suriyawewa International Cricket Stadium, an Administrative Complex, Star Hotels, oil refinery and other similar commercial initiatives.
An Investment Zone of 2000 hectares surrounding the Magampura Mahinda Rajapaksa free port is scheduled to be developed. Magampura is made a free port to attract the investors to the Investment Zone.
The construction of the Matara – Kataragama Railway Line running a distance of 114.5 km began on 5th April 2010 with Chinese aid at an estimated cost of USD366 m and is scheduled to be completed by 2015. Following the launch of Hambantota Development Zone, it is now proposed to extend the Matara-Kataragama railway line to Hambantota.